A comprehensive list of the reasons for the poor performance of your home wireless network and how to fix them.
Wi-Fi today is the most popular way to connect to the Internet. This is made possible by the good characteristics of this protocol, the ease of connection and the availability of a wide range of inexpensive equipment.
However, there are drawbacks to this interface. Many users are faced with incomprehensible communication interruptions, errors, or low data rates. Do not rush in this case immediately call into the support service or call a repair team. With many troubles in the home Wi-Fi-network can be managed independently.
1. Restart the router
You should do this when contacting customer support. And it is correct.
A modern router is a complex device, which in the course of time may receive errors in the work of the software. The easiest and quickest way to get rid of them is to reboot the equipment. After all, some routers allow you to do this automatically on a schedule. You only need to look in the settings for the corresponding option.
2. Install the alternative firmware
Alternate firmware is written by enthusiasts to eliminate the shortcomings of proprietary software. The most famous project of this kind is DD-WRT. This firmware supports a wide range of equipment and is completely free.
The installation of third-party firmware allows not only to improve the network performance but in some cases to activate previously unavailable functions of the device. It should, however, be noted that the process of reflashing and subsequent configuration of the equipment will require you to have time and availability of special knowledge.
3. Use the Wi-Fi Repeater
If in any part of the house the devices permanently lose connection to the Internet, then the signal of the router here is too weak. Solve the problem by using a special repeater.
The main task of the repeater is to enhance the signal of the existing Wi-Fi network. These compact and inexpensive devices are produced by almost all popular manufacturers of network equipment, as well as by dozens of obscure Chinese firms.
4. Design the signal booster
Using a Wi-Fi repeater cannot help out in all cases. Sometimes, to amplify the signal of the router, it is necessary to resort to other, more artisanal methods. For example, you can design a special reflector from a beer can or packaging for CDs.
But if you need something really powerful, then try to assemble an antenna from improvised materials to expand your «home zone» of the wireless Internet, about which we wrote in this article.
5. Control access to applications to the Internet
If someone in your house is constantly watching streaming video, playing online games, downloading large files, then it can significantly slow down the network. Special attention should go to torrent clients. Some of them are configured in such a way that they automatically start at system startup and continue to download and distribute data in the background. Separate issue — computer games that quietly download multi-gigabyte updates and add-ons.
6. Close access to outsiders
By default, the manufacturer installs on all its routers the same well-known login and passwords. Each user must independently change them to protect their network from unauthorized access. However, unfortunately, not everyone does it.
If you do not want neighbors to use your wireless network, thus preventing you, then you need to perform detailed configuration of the router.
7. Get rid of barriers
Many different factors can affect the quality of the signal transmitted over the Wi-Fi network, including interference from telephones, microwave ovens and so on. You can get rid of them only by placing the router and the source of barriers at the maximum distance. To cope with this task will help a special application WiFi Analyzer, able to display the signal strength in real time.
8. Tune in to a free channel
In modern apartment buildings, many wireless access points operate simultaneously, occupying all available channels. As a result, some of them have to share the same channel, which leads to a mutual decrease in speed and stability of communication.
The situation can be rectified by reconfiguring the router to a different, more free range.
9. Find a new location for the router
The unsuccessful location of the router in the apartment can also affect the quality of the connection. If your workplace separates several concrete walls from the connection point, then it should not be surprising that the Internet is steadily slowing down.
Therefore, select the best place for the router can only be experienced by moving it around the apartment and measuring the signal quality.
10. Use modern technologies
One of the best ways to make your wireless network as fast, stable and safe as possible is to use modern equipment.
Communication standards are constantly evolving and improving. New implementations of this protocol provide a faster connection speed, reduce the number of errors and susceptibility to barriers.
However, to use them you need the appropriate equipment. Therefore, the most radical and expensive method of improving the quality of a home network is the purchase of a modern dual-band router from a well-known manufacturer.